Fact of the day: 21st August

On this day in 1770 James Cook formally claimed eastern Australia for Great Britain, naming it New South Wales.

On 23 April he made his first recorded direct observation of indigenous Australians at Brush Island near Bawley Point, noting in his journal: “…and were so near the Shore as to distinguish several people upon the Sea beach they appear’d to be of a very dark or black Colour but whether this was the real colour of their skins or the C[l]othes they might have on I know not.”

On 29 April Cook and crew made their first landfall on the mainland of the continent at a place now known as the Kurnell Peninsula. Cook originally christened the area as “Stingray Bay”, but he later crossed it out and named it Botany Bay after the unique specimens retrieved by the botanists Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander. It is here that James Cook made first contact with an aboriginal tribe known as the Gweagal.

After his departure from Botany Bay he continued northwards. On 11 June a mishap occurred when the Endeavour ran aground on a shoal of the Great Barrier Reef, and then “nursed into a river mouth on 18 June 1770″.images (1)

The ship was badly damaged and his voyage was delayed almost seven weeks while repairs were carried out on the beach (near the docks of modern Cooktown, Queensland, at the mouth of the Endeavour River).

The voyage then continued, sailing through Torres Strait and on 21 August Cook landed on Possession Island, where he claimed the entire coastline that he had just explored as British territory.

Sisterhood of the World Bloggers Award

I was nominated for this by Jaye over at http://soilluminateme.wordpress.com. Thank you so much! We only started talking a few weeks ago, but you are a good friend and, I like to think we’ve helped each other a lot.

I hadn’t heard of this award until Jaye had nominated me for it. Basically what it is is an award to give to fellow women bloggers to acknowledge their writing and, to say thank you if their writing has impacted you in some way or other. download (1)

If you wish to accept, all you have to do is;

  • Thank the person who nominated you for the award!  
  • Add the Sisterhood of World Bloggers Award logo to your post and blog.
  • Answer 10 questions provided to you by the person who nominated you.
  • Provide 10 questions of your own for your nominees to answer.
  • Nominate your bloggers for the award and notify them.

Questions asked by Jaye:

1) What bought you to and inspires you about the world of blogging? I love to write and wanted a platform to put ideas and thoughts out there, so a blog seemed like the perfect idea.

2) Favourite Flower? Tulips, especially the red and orange ones.

3) Favourite childhood toy? My Hagrid Bear. I’ve had it for as long as I can remember and, I still sleep with it now.

SAM_03174) Character from a book that you most identify with? Hmm tough one. I’d say Hermione from Harry Potter as I’m a book nerd and genuinely enjoyed doing homework when I was at school. But I’d also say Scout from To Kill a Mockingbird because I can understand what it’s like to follow your brother around and, not understand why things are the way they are, especially the injustices of the world.

5) Bath or Shower? I shower nearly every day, but I do love a good bubble bath with candles, a bath bomb, incense and, a good book.

6) If I could give you three wishes what would they be? 1) Money for my Masters. 2) A visit to London. 3) To travel through Europe.

7) Go to Fancy dress outfit? Hmm either my Christmas pudding outfit or a Disney character.

8) Perfect day out/day in? Day in: Bubble bath, good book, a few films, maybe play WoW for a little while.

9) What is your guilty pleasure? I have a few; Taylor Swift. Yorkshire puddings – I could eat them every single day. And American teen dramas, yup I happily watch One Tree Hill/90210 and so on.

10) You most embarrassing moment? I suggest you post 3, 1 being true and 2 fibs to throw us off the scent. 1) Throwing up on my ex-boyfriend the first time we went away together. 2) Talking to fast whilst answering a question at uni, which resulted in everyone staring at me – I felt like a fool. 3)During our training at my previous job, we were playing a game and I was the only person who ended up falling over and hurting myself. I looked like an idiot.

My Nominees: 

  • Leanne at http://leanneslittleworld.wordpress.com/
  • Teela at http://teelahart.com/
  • Jackie at http://jacquelincangro.wordpress.com/
  • Ashley at http://theroamingreader.com/
  • Sonya at http://sonyaheaneyblog.com/

My Questions:

  • What’s your favourite memory?
  • If you could trade places with any famous person for one day, who would you choose?
  • Where do you see yourself in ten years’ time?
  • What’s your favourite book?
  • The first concert you ever went to?
  • Do you prefer Facebook or Twitter?
  • If you could have chosen your own name, what would it be?
  • If you had to get a tattoo, what would you get?
  • What’s your favourite brand of make up?
  • What’s your favourite animal?

Fact of the day: 20th August

On this day in 1882 Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture debuted in Moscow, Russia.

The Year 1812, festival overture is an overture written in 1880 by Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky to commemorate Russia’s defense of its motherland against Napoleon’s invading Grande Armée in 1812.

It has also become a common accompaniment to fireworks displays, including those in the United States during Fourth of July celebrations.

The overture debuted in Moscow on 20 August 1882, conducted by Ippolit Al’tani under a tent near the then unfinished Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, which also memorialized the 1812 defense of Russia.images

The overture has mistakenly been claimed to have been conducted by Tchaikovsky himself at the 1891 opening of Carnegie Hall, but he actually conducted his 1881 Festival Coronation March in D (Marche Solennelle) in the second half of the opening night concert.

The overture is best known for its climactic volley of cannon fire, ringing chimes, and brass fanfare finale.

Fact of the day: 19th August

On this day in 1561 18-year-old Mary, Queen of Scots, returned to Scotland after spending 13 years in France.

Mary, the only surviving legitimate child of King James V of Scotland, was 6 days old when her father died and she acceded to the throne. She spent most of her childhood in France while Scotland was ruled by regents, and in 1558, she married the Dauphin of France, Francis.

downloadHe ascended the French throne as King Francis II in 1559, and Mary briefly became queen consort of France, until his death on 5 December 1560. Widowed, Mary returned to Scotland, arriving in Leith on 19 August 1561.

Four years later, she married her first cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, but their union was unhappy. In February 1567, his residence was destroyed by an explosion, and Darnley was found murdered in the garden.

My Week…

The last seven or so days have been quite quiet for me.

I got my belly button pierced last week and, I love it! Though now it has encouraged me to work out a bit more so that I can show it off and not be worried about my stomach. It really doesn’t hurt having it pierced either. I was a bit nervous beforehand, but it was more of an excited nervous, you know? I went to a place called Blue Banana in Sheffield and they belly buttonwere great. The woman who did it was lovely. She told me exactly what she was doing and gave me a little bag with all my aftercare stuff in for free. No where I’ve been for piercings has done that before!

Now with any piercing there is a healing process. I can’t change my belly bar for at least three months, but I’ve already been looking online to see what styles there is! I’m also considering getting my belly button pierced again…You can get the bottom or the sides of it pierced. I’m thinking of getting the bottom done.

I’ve bought a lot of new books recently as well. I read Cecelia Ahern’s How to Fall in Love. I enjoyed it but I did see the ending coming. If you’re looking for something light hearted though, I would suggest it. What I liked about it, is that it reminded me that even when things are bad, they are never as bad as you think they are.

My Mum also bought me a set of history books as an early birthday present. A set of six SAM_0249books covering England from the very early Middle Ages to England under the Stuarts, all in hardback and in a case for £20! What a bargain! And that is why I love charity shops :) I cannot wait to start reading these!

I’ve just finished a history book called Letters from the Trenches. I did think this was going to be about numerous soldiers writing home, but it wasn’t. The grandson of Harry Lamin had published his grandfather’s letters from the last two years of the war on a blog and it had been turned into a blog. Imagine my surprise though when I found out that Bill Lamin, the soldier from World War One, was born in Derbyshire and his family still live in the area! It’s a great read and I would recommend it. It was interesting to see how an ordinary soldier dealt with his day to day life as a soldier fighting in World War One.

I was rummaging through my wardrobe the other day and discovered so many pairs of DSC_0340shoes that I had forgotten I had. Including these beauties. I think I bought them from New Look a few years ago, but I can’t say for definite. Considering I haven’t worn them in forever, they are so comfortable and, are slowly becoming my go to shoes again.

Speaking of shoes, I am having a bit of a clear out right now. I am slowly putting shoes, clothes, some Me To You bears, among other things, on eBay. If you could spread the word to friends and family, that would be great! You never know, my rubbish could be your hidden treasure. Honestly though, the only reason I’m selling is because all of these things are stuck in cupboards and draws, nobody can see them and, it’s not really my style anymore. I’m trying to de-clutter my life – easier said then done!

This is the link to my eBay page. Like I said, you never know what you might find. http://www.ebay.co.uk/sch/c_crookes_123/m.html?item=221525550717&ssPageName=STRK%3AMESELX%3AIT&rt=nc&_trksid=p2047675.l2562

I was nominated for another blog award a few weeks ago. I’ve not forgotten that I need to do a blog post for it! I’m going to do it this week – I promise.

At the moment my biggest complaint is that my best friend is in Italy, where it is nice and DSC_0341warm, and I miss her. Whilst I’m stuck in lovely Derbyshire with the rain and wind and, the occasional hint of sun. It’s August and I am sat in onesie and requesting hot water bottles. Something about this isn’t right!

Our house is being re-wired tomorrow so I’m being banished to coffee shops and the library. I’m not complaining though. I’m going to use this time to write. A lot. I’ve fallen behind a bit but I’m coming back now.

Hope you all have a good week!

x

 

Fact of the day: 18th August

On this day in 1612 the trials of the Pendle witches, one of England’s most famous witch trials, began at Lancaster Assizes.

The trials of the Pendle witches in 1612 are among the most famous witch trials in English history, and some of the best recorded of the 17th century. The twelve accused lived in the area around Pendle Hill in Lancashire, and were charged with the murders of ten people by the use of witchcraft. images

All but two were tried at Lancaster Assizes on 18–19 August 1612, along with the Samlesbury witches and others, in a series of trials that have become known as the Lancashire witch trials. One was tried at York Assizes on 27 July 1612, and another died in prison. Of the eleven who went to trial – nine women and two men – ten were found guilty and executed by hanging; one was found not guilty.

The official publication of the proceedings by the clerk to the court, Thomas Potts, in his The Wonderfull Discoverie of Witches in the Countie of Lancaster, and the number of witches hanged together – nine at Lancaster and one at York – make the trials unusual for England at that time.

download It has been estimated that all the English witch trials between the early 15th and early 18th centuries resulted in fewer than 500 executions; this series of trials accounts for more than two per cent of that total.

Fact of the day: 17th August

On this day in 1918 Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky was assassinated.

In 1914 he emigrated to France and contributed to the Party newspaper Our Word. Back in Russia in 1917 Uritsky became a member of the Mezhraiontsy group.

A few months before the October Revolution of 1917, he joined the Bolsheviks and was elected to their Central Committee on July 1917.

download (5)Uritsky played a leading part in the Bolsheviks’ armed take-over in October and later was made head of the Petrograd Cheka.

In this position Uritsky coordinated the pursuit and prosecution of members of the nobility, military officers and ranking Russian Orthodox Church clerics who opposed the Bolsheviks.

Because Uritsky was against the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, he resigned his post in 1918, like Bukharin, Bubnov, Piatakov, Dzherzhinsky and Smirnov. On March 4, 1918, the Petrograd committee published the first number of the journal Kommunist, the public organ of the “left communist” opposition, as directed by Radek and Uritsky.

The Extraordinary Seventh Congress of the Bolshevik party, which was held between March 6 and 8, 1918, rejected the Theses on the Present Situation that was submitted as a resolution by the “Left Communists”.

The “Left Communists” Lomov and Uritsky, who were elected to the Central Committee, stated at the Congress that they would not work in the Central Committee, and did not begin work there for several months in spite of insistent demands from the Central Committee.download (4)

On May 25, 1918, with the Revolt of the Czechoslovak Legion, the Russian Civil War began and Uritsky resumed his position on the Central Committee.

Leonid Kannegisser, a young military cadet, assassinated Uritsky on August 17,[2] 1918 in retaliation for the execution of his friend and other officers.

Following this event, along with the assassination attempt on Lenin by Fanya Kaplan on August 28, the Bolsheviks began a wave of persecution known as the Red Terror. Palace Square in Petrograd was known as Uritsky Square from 1918 to 1944.