On this day in 1943 the Casablanca Conference was held at the Anfa Hotel in Casablanca, Morocco. The aim of the conference was to plan the Allied European strategy for the next phase of World War II. In attendance were Franklin D Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Charles De Gaulle. Joseph Stalin declined to attend; citing the ongoing conflict in Stalingrad required his presence. The agenda of the conference was to address the specifics of tactical procedure, allocation of resources and the broader issues of diplomatic policy.
The conference produced a unified statement of purpose, the “Casablanca Declaration” which announced to the world that the Allies would accept nothing less than the “unconditional surrender” of the Axis powers. Roosevelt had borrowed the term “unconditional surrender” from General Ulysses S. Grant who had communicated this stance to the Confederate commander at Forts Donelson and Henry during the American Civil War.