On this day in 1824 the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams as President of the United States. This would be the two hundred year anniversary of his being elected to the presidency.
Adams served as the sixth President of the United States from March 4, 1825, to March 4, 1829. He took the oath of office on a book of constitutional law, instead of the more traditional Bible. Adams proposed an elaborate program of internal improvements (roads, ports and canals), a national university, and federal support for the arts and sciences. He favoured a high tariff to encourage the building of factories, and restricted land sales to slow the movement west. Opposition from the states’ rights faction of a hostile congress killed many of his proposals. He also reduced the national debt from $16 million to $5 million, the remainder of which was paid off by his immediate successor, Andrew Jackson.
John Quincy Adams left office on March 4, 1829, after losing the election of 1828 to Andrew Jackson. Adams did not attend the inauguration of his successor, Andrew Jackson, who had openly snubbed him by refusing to pay the traditional “courtesy call” to the outgoing president during the weeks before his own inauguration. He was one of only three presidents who chose not to attend their respective successor’s inauguration; the others were his father and Andrew Johnson.