Fact of the day: 11th April

On this day in 1689 William III and Mary II were crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain.

William and Mary were crowned together at Westminster Abbey on 11 April 1689 by the Bishop of London, Henry Compton. Normally, the coronation is performed by the Archbishop of Canterbury, but the Archbishop at the time, William Sancroft, refused to recognise James’s removal.

William also summoned a Convention of the Estates of Scotland which met on 14 March 1689, and sent a conciliatory letter while James sent haughty uncompromising orders, swaying a majority in favour of William. On 11 April, the day of the English coronation, the Convention finally declared that James was no longer King of Scotland William and Mary were offered the Scottish Crown; they accepted on 11 May.

aa William and Mary_Copyright Historic Royal Palaces 05

Although most in Britain accepted William and Mary as sovereigns, a significant minority refused to accept the validity of their claim to the throne, holding that the divine right of kings was authority directly from God, not delegated to the monarch by Parliament. Over the next 57 years Jacobites pressed for restoration of James and his heirs. Nonjurors in England and Scotland, including over 400 clergy and several bishops of the Church of England and Scottish Episcopal Church as well as numerous laymen, refused to take oaths of allegiance to William.


2 thoughts on “Fact of the day: 11th April

  1. It was fortunate, for Will and his Queen, that they did not have television at the time of their election. From the portraits that have come down to us, they never would have elicited the popular support needed among the populace as expressed thru their MP’s.
    By the way, Claire, thank you for visiting my blog.

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