Fact of the day: 13th April.

On this day in 1111 Henry V was crowned Holy Roman Emperor.

The Holy Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire. The position evolved into an elected monarchy, but the emperor elect was until the 15th century required to be crowned by the Pope before assuming the imperial title. The title was held in conjunction with the rule of the Kingdom of Germany and the Kingdom of Italy. In the feudal hierarchy of medieval Europe, a Holy Roman Emperor was primus inter pares among the other Roman Catholic monarchs.

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Henry V (11 August 1086[1] – 23 May 1125) was King of Germany (from 1099 to 1125) and Holy Roman Emperor (from 1111 to 1125), the fourth and last ruler of the Salian dynasty. Henry’s reign coincided with the final phase of the great Investiture Controversy, which had pitted pope against emperor. By the settlement of the Concordat of Worms, he surrendered to the demands of the second generation of Gregorian reformers.

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