On this day in 2002 Russia and the United States signed the Moscow Treaty.
The Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Strategic Offensive Reductions (SORT), also known as the Treaty of Moscow, was a strategic arms reduction treaty between the United States and Russia that was in force from June 2003 until February 2011 when it was superseded by the New START treaty.
At the time, SORT was positioned as “represent[ing] an important element of the new strategic relationship” between the two countries with both parties agreeing to limit their nuclear arsenal to between 1700 and 2200 operationally deployed warheads each.
After ratification by the U.S. Senate and the State Duma, SORT came into force on 1 June 2003. It would have expired on 31 December 2012 if not superseded by New START.
Either party could have withdrawn from the treaty upon giving three months written notice to the other.