On this day in 1630, the city of Boston, Massachusetts was founded.
In 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s first governor, John Winthrop, led the signing of the Cambridge Agreement, a key founding document of the city.
Puritan ethics and their focus on education influenced its early history; America’s first public school was founded in Boston in 1635.
One of the oldest cities in the United States, Boston was founded on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan colonists from England.
It was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill and the Siege of Boston.
Through land reclamation and municipal annexation, Boston has expanded beyond the original peninsula. Its rich history helps attract many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone attracting over 20 million visitors.
Boston was the largest town in British North America until Philadelphia grew larger in the mid-18th century.
Boston’s many “firsts” include the United States’ first public school (1635), and first subway system (1897).