On this day in 1773 Louis Philippe I, French king (d. 1850) was born.
His father Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans had supported the Revolution of 1789 but was nevertheless guillotined during the Reign of Terror. Louis Philippe fled France and spent 21 years in exile. He was proclaimed king in 1830 after Charles X, a Bourbon, was forced to abdicate.
His reign, known as the July Monarchy, was dominated by wealthy bourgeoisie and numerous former Napoleonic officials. He followed conservative policies especially under the influence of François Guizot in 1840–48.
He promoted friendship with Britain and sponsored colonial expansion, notably the conquest of Algeria. His popularity faded and he was forced to abdicate in 1848; he lived out his life in exile in England.