On this day in 1933 the Gestapo, the official secret police force of Nazi Germany, was established.
The Gestapo was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe. Hermann Göring formed the unit in 1933. Beginning on 20 April 1934, it was under the administration of SS national leader, Heinrich Himmler who in 1936 was appointed Chief of German Police (Chef der Deutschen Polizei) by Hitler.
In 1936, Himmler made it a suboffice of the Sicherheitspolizei (“Security Police”). Then from 27 September 1939 forward, it was administered by the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (“Reich Main Security Office”) and was considered a sister organization of the Sicherheitsdienst (“Security Service”). According to historian Rupert Butler, “From its creation in 1933 until its death in May 1945, anyone living in Nazi controlled territory lived in fear of a visit from the Gestapo…”
Happy April Fools day! Don’t forget, it only counts until midday and then you’re the fool 😛
On this day in 1933 the recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organised a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany, ushering in a series of anti-Semitic acts.
In April 1933, after Nazi control of the German state apparatus gave the Gauleiters enormous power, Streicher organised a one-day boycott of Jewish businesses which was used as a dress-rehearsal for other anti-Semitic commercial measures. As he consolidated his hold on power, he came to more or less rule the city of Nuremberg and his Gau Franken. Among the nicknames provided by his enemies were “King of Nuremberg” and the “Beast of Franconia.” Because of his role as Gauleiter of Franconia, he also gained the nickname of Frankenführer.
To protect himself from accountability, Streicher relied on Hitler’s protection. Hitler declared that Der Stürmer was his favourite newspaper, and saw to it that each weekly issue was posted for public reading in special glassed-in display cases known as “Stürmerkasten”. The newspaper reached a peak circulation of 600,000 in 1935.
Streicher later claimed that he was only “indirectly responsible” for passage of the anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws of 1935, and that he felt slighted because he was not directly consulted.
Generally I try to choose unusual facts because I find sometimes people are just unindated with 20th century facts, but this one is different. It was a time when things were starting to change in Germany. Slowly at first, with acts like this, but it wouldn’t take as long as you would think before things escalated.
This fact is important then because it shows the early days of what the Nazis were willing to try and see what reaction would get from the rest of the world.
On this day in 1933 the film King Kong opens at New York’s Radio City Music Hall.
King Kong is a 1933 American fantasy monster/adventure film directed and produced by Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack. The screenplay by James Ashmore Creelman and Ruth Rose was from an idea conceived by Cooper and Edgar Wallace. It stars Fay Wray, Bruce Cabot and Robert Armstrong, and opened in New York City on March 2, 1933 to rave reviews.
The film tells of a gigantic, island-dwelling ape called Kong who dies in an attempt to possess a beautiful young woman. Kong is distinguished for its stop-motion animation by Willis O’Brien and its musical score by Max Steiner. The film has been released to video, DVD, and Blu-ray Disc, and has been computer colorized. King Kong is often cited as one of the most iconic movies in the history of cinema. In 1991, it was deemed “culturally, historically and aesthetically significant” by the Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry. It has been remade twice: in 1976 and in 2005.